Bolstered by a federal court injunction, thousands of alt-right protesters, including white nationalists and pro-Confederacy groups, planned to hold a rally Saturday in downtown Charlottesville, Va., by the endangered statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee with police on hand to maintain order and the Virginia National Guard on standby.
Police estimated that 2,000 to 6,000 people would attend the gathering of white nationalists, neo-Nazis, "alt-right" activists and pro-Confederacy groups. Thousands more counter-protesters were also anticipated.
The noon rally at Emancipation Park was aimed at protesting the city's decision to remove the statue of the Confederate general, but will also serve as a rallying cry for the far right.
On Friday night, a spontaneous march by torch-wielding protesters onto the campus of the University of Virginia was broken up by police as an unlawful assembly after scuffles broke out and pepper spray filled the air.
U.S. District Judge Glen Conrad issued the injunction late Friday in a lawsuit filed against the city by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of right-wing blogger Jason Kessler, a local resident.
Conrad ruled that the city's attempt to revoke Kessler's "Unite the Right" rally permit and move the protest to another park "was based on the content of his speech.”
The judge noted that the city did not try at the same time to move counter-protesters to another location.
Police said some 1,000 first responders, including law enforcement, will be on duty during the weekend. Gov. Terry McAuliffe said the Virginia National Guard would be on standby "to respond if needed.”
McAuliffe, a Democrat, said he would prefer that no one shows up at the "Unite the Right rally.".
"I want to urge my fellow Virginians who may consider joining either in support or opposition to the planned rally to make alternative plans," he said.
The Charlottesville City Council voted in May to sell the Lee statue, but a judge issued a temporary injunction that blocked Charlottesville from moving it statue for six months, The Daily Progress reported.
Police chief Al Thomas said the unfolding events had created a "lot of anxiety" in the community, but that he felt like the city had sufficient resources to meet the "significant challenge."
City authorities were particularly alarmed by Friday night's march by hundreds of white nationalists who gathered at the feet of a statue of Thomas Jeferson on the UVA campus, chanting "You will not replace us."
Fights broke out as some marches bearing tiki torches swung them at others, the Charlottesville Daily Progress reported. It said one person was arrested and several people were treated for minor injuries.
UVA President Teresa Sullivan said she was"deeply saddened and disturbed by the hateful behavior" displayed by the marchers.
Mayor Mike Singer, who had opposed the downtown rally, said the city would honor the judge's ruling, but added there is "no constitutional right to incite or promote violence by anyone who will be gathered this weekend.”
"Democracy may be noisy and it may be messy, but it remains the best system of government that people have figured out to use to govern themselves,” he said.
The ACLU of Virginia and the Albemarle County-based Rutherford Institute, which backed Kessler's suit, said in a letter to city officials that while the message of the 'Unite the Right' rally "may raise strong feelings of opposition among area residents and political leaders, that opposition can be no basis for government action that would suppress the First Amendment rights of demonstrators who have acted according to the law.”
In May, Kessler was among three people arrested during a counter-protest in May that followed an earlier alt-right demonstration. Kessler was arrested for disorderly conduct, police said, according to The Daily Progress.