WASHINGTON, DC - OCTOBER 10: Lawmakers continue negotiations in to the night in the U.S. Capitol Building on October 10, 2013 in Washington, DC. House Speaker John Boehner suggested earlier today that Republicans may be willing to offer a short-term debt limit increase to allow for time to negotiate on reopening the government. (Photo by T.J. Kirkpatrick/Getty Images)
A rising backlash to revelations of widespread National Security Agency surveillance takes many forms:
- Encryption programs for email, Internet browsers, texting, instant messaging and other communications that encode messages so they appear garbled to eavesdroppers.
- Disruptive campaigns that insert words like "anthrax" or "Taliban" in various digital communications to degrade the effectiveness of surveillance programs that search for red-flag words.
- Cryptoparties are social gatherings where hosts teach attendees, who bring digital devices, how to use encryption programs.
- Petitions and rallies demanding Congress and the Obama administration to rein in government surveillance.
- Political reforms aimed to add privacy protections and boost oversight of government surveillance practices.
(Copyright 2013 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)