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Question #1

Hello,

I have question regarding redness in the face. What would this be caused by? Is there a treatment / medication for this?

Thank you.

Answer

Although there could be many causes of facial redness one that comes to mind is a condition known as rosacea. Rosacea is a chronic skin condition resulting in redness particularly in the face region. Symptoms include skin flushing, redness, bumps which can resemble pimples and a stinging sensation. Red lines, which are dilated blood vessels, can show up as well, especially on the nose. The skin can also become thickened. Some things that cause flare ups of this condition include stress, alcohol and spicy foods. Although there is no known cure for rosacea there are things that can help keep symptoms under control. Reducing stress and avoiding alcohol or spicy foods can help prevent flare ups. Low dose antibiotics can help to a certain extent as can either avoiding direct sunlight or using sunscreen when outside. Lotions can also help keep the skin moisturized which can also help cut down on the symptoms of rosacea.


Questions #2
Over the last month high pitched noises have bothered me greatly. What could be going on?


Answer

The condition you are describing is called tinnitus. Tinnitus is very common, especially as we get older and seems to recently have become even more common in younger individuals. People with tinnitus describe the constant noise they hear as a ringing, roaring, buzzing, high pitched noise or even the sound of rushing water. Although this condition is more bothersome than serious it can become extremely bothersome for those suffering from it. Tinnitus can be short term or a permanent condition. If you've ever been to a concert only to have a ringing in your ears the next day you've suffered from temporary tinnitus. Causes include loud noises or long term noise exposure, excessive ear wax and a condition known as Meniere's disease. If you suffer from these types of noise in your hearing getting a hearing exam and a hearing test is important to determine the cause. If it's ear wax then removing it should help. If on the other hand it's a more permanent condition there are some things that can be done to help out as well. Noise masking, in the form of a constant white noise can help counter the ringing noise you hear with tinnitus. Some medications also help. But your best bet, especially when you're still young, is prevention. Loud music, especially with ear buds in place can take its toll on your ears over time. So turn down the tunes to spare your ears.


Question #3
Hi, I am having problem with my lips for more than a month already. I'm wondering is it just lips blister, cold sore or something else like allergy? My lips are dry, red, and there is like blister on the top lip.

Thank you

Answer
Although a lip blister can be caused by a few different things the two that seem most likely are both caused by viruses. A common fever blister, also called a cold sore, is caused by the virus HSV-1. That's the herpes simplex virus-type1. After feeling a burning sensation in the skin near the lip a blister will show up and eventually scab over. This lasts around 3 weeks but can last longer at times. There are antiviral medications and ointments that can help once the fever blister shows up and can even be taken to try and prevent an outbreak.
The coxsackie virus can also cause lip blisters. This virus results in the hand, foot and mouth disease, a very contagious infection. With this condition lip blisters are often severe resulting in mouth pain, especially when trying to eat or drink. It lasts around 2 weeks and usually gets better on its own. Although there are no medications to cure the disease using mouth rinses or other types of pain medications can help cut down on how painful the blister can be. That's important especially since small children with this disease can stop eating or drinking which can quickly lead to dehydration.
If lip blisters continue for more than 3 weeks a physical exam is important to make sure the cause is a simple virus and not something more concerning.

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