DENVER — With over 450 bills either moving their way through or already having moved through the Colorado Legislature, it can be hard to separate the wheat from the chaff, the passed from the killed, the relevant from the irrelevant. 

While it would take a team of likely hundreds to peruse every bill - there are several bills that we've received repeated questions about.

This includes things like the "red flag" bill and oil and gas regulation reform in the state.

In the state House, Dems hold 41 of 65 seats. In the state Senate, Dems hold 19 of 35 seats. Gov. Jared Polis is also a Democrat. With the Democrats in firm control, Republicans have gotten creative in their attempts to slow down their opponents' agenda.

(Note: all Senators and Representatives discussed herein are assumed to be elected to the Colorado General Assembly)

Current bills 

EXTREME RISK PROTECTION ORDERS (House Bill 2019-1177)

  • The "Red Flag Bill"
  • "Concerning creation of an extreme risk protection order, and in connection therewith, making an appropriation."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Courts & Judicial

Prime Sponsors:

  • Rep. Tom Sullivan (D-Centennial)
  • Rep. Alec Garnett (D-Denver)
  • Sen. Lois Court (D-Denver)
  • Sen. Brittany Pettersen (D-Lakewood)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Passed legislature >>> On the governor's desk

Latest reporting:

The Colorado House passed the bill April 1 in a 38-25 vote. All that's left is a signature from Polis to make it law. The bill would allow the seizure of weapons from persons the court deems to pose a significant risk to themselves or others.

9NEWS Coverage:

PROTECT PUBLIC WELFARE OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS (Senate Bill 2019-181)

  • Commonly understood to be Colorado oil and gas regulation reform
  • "Concerning additional public welfare protections regarding the conduct of oil and gas operations, and, in connection therewith, making an appropriation."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Natural Resources & the Environment

Prime Sponsors:

  • Sen. Stephen Fenberg (D-Boulder)
  • Sen. Mike Foote (D-Boulder)
  • Rep. KC Becker (D-Denver)
  • Rep. Yadira Caraveo (D-Thornton)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Under Consideration >>> Passed both House and Senate >>> On governor's desk

Latest reporting:

A bill Democrats have pushed through the legislature aimed at reforming the oil and gas industry in Colorado passed the Colorado Senate Wednesday morning in a party-line vote and now sits on the governor's desk.

9NEWS Coverage:

COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN SEXUALITY EDUCATION (House Bill 2019-1032)

  • The "Sex Ed Bill"
  • "Concerning comprehensive human sexuality education, and, in connection therewith, making an appropriation."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Education & School Finance

Prime Sponsors:

  • Rep. Susan Lontine (D-Denver)
  • Rep. Yadira Caraveo (D-Thornton)
  • Sen. Nancy Todd (D-Aurora)
  • Sen. Don Coram (R-Montrose)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Under Consideration 

Latest reporting:

The Senate Health and Human Services Committee passed a bill that would expand the curriculum for schools that provide sex education. After hours of testimony from the public, the bill passed committee 3-2 and now moves to the Senate Appropriations Committee for consideration.

9NEWS Coverage:

REPEAL THE DEATH PENALTY (Senate Bill 2019-182)

  • Would override popular vote reinstatement of death penalty from 1974
  • "Concerning the repeal of the death penalty by the general assembly."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Crimes, Corrections & Enforcement

Prime sponsors:

  • Sen. Angela Williams (D-Denver)
  • Sen. Julie Gonzales (D-Denver)
  • Rep. Jeni James Arndt (D-Fort Collins)
  • Rep. Adrienne Benavidez (D-Commerce City)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Lost

Latest reporting:

The bill that would repeal Colorado's death penalty - a law on the books since 1974 - is dead on the state's legislative floor Tuesday morning, April 2. Sen. Julie Gonzales (D-Denver), one of the bill's sponsors, has asked the bill be laid over until May 4, which is a day after the legislative session would end.

9NEWS Coverage:

LEGALIZING MINORS' BUSINESSES (Senate Bill 2019-103)

  • Would let a child run a lemonade stand or similar thing without needing a permit from a local city or town
  • "Concerning the ability of a minor to operate a business on a limited basis without obtaining the approval of a local government."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Fiscal Policy & Taxes and Local Government

Prime Sponsors:

  • Sen. Angela Williams (D-Denver)
  • Sen. Jack Tate (R-Centennial)
  • Rep. James Coleman (D-Denver)
  • Rep. Terri Carver (R-El Paso)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Passed >>> Became law

Latest reporting:

Polis on Monday, April 1 signed into law a bill that offers more protection to small, temporary businesses run by kids - like lemonade stands. Senate Bill 103, called "Legalizing Minors' Businesses" prohibits any county or city from requiring a license or permit for people younger than 18 who are running a temporary business.

9NEWS Coverage:

SEXUAL ASSAULT WHILE IN CUSTODY OR DETAINED (House Bill 2019-1250)

  • Creates a new criminal offense: "unlawful sexual conduct by a peace officer"
  • "Concerning sex offenses committed by a peace officer."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Crimes, Corrections and Enforcement

Prime Sponsors:

  • Rep. Leslie Herod (D-Denver)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Under consideration 

Latest reporting:

There are laws in Colorado to prevent police officers from taking advantage of their authority, but the law that helps prevent sexual assault says a victim can't consent if they are "detained in a jail, prison, or hospital," and Representative Leslie Herod (D-Denver) said this should be expanded.

9NEWS Coverage:

EXEMPTION FROM GARNISHMENT FOR MEDICAL DEBT (House Bill 2019-1089) and PRIMARY RESIDENCE EXEMPT LIENS FOR MEDICAL DEBT (House Bill 2019-1145)

  • Both bills are in response to 9Wants to Know's "Lien on Me" investigation
  • "Concerning an exemption from garnishment for liens arising from judgments for medical debt." (1089)
  • "Concerning an exemption for a judgment debtor's primary residence from a lien arising from a judgment for medical debt." (1145)
  • Both filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Both concern Civil Law, Courts & Judicial

Prime Sponsors:

  • Rep. Kerry Tipper (D-Lakewood) [both bills]
  • Rep. Sonya Jaquez Lewis (D-Boulder County) [1145]
  • Rep. Alex Valdez (D-Denver) [1089]
  • Sen. Brittany Pettersen (D-Lakewood) [1089]
  • Sen. Dominick Moreno (D-Commerce City) [1089]

STATUS: (Both bills) Introduced >>> Lost

Latest reporting:

[1145] A legislative effort to end the practice of putting liens on properties owned by those saddled with medical debt stalled during a Feb. 21 committee hearing. 

[1089] Legislation designed to prohibit creditors from going after the wages of people with medical debt failed Feb. 4 despite pleas from the bill’s sponsor that such legislation was sorely needed.

9NEWS Coverage:

PROHIBIT CONVERSION THERAPY FOR A MINOR (House Bill 2019-1129)

  • Stops the practice of a psychiatrist or the like trying to "convert" an LGBTQIA person under the age of 18
  • "Concerning prohibiting a mental health care provider from engaging in conversion therapy with a patient under eighteen years of age."
  • Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
  • Concerning Professions & Occupations

Prime Sponsors:

  • Rep. Dafna Michaelson Jenet (D-Adams County)
  • Rep. Daneya Esgar (D-Pueblo)
  • Sen. Stephen Fenberg (D-Boulder)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Under consideration

Latest reporting:

A bill prohibiting conversion therapy for minors has passed a Colorado State Senate committee Monday, March 18. The bill is now heading back to the House. 

9NEWS Coverage:

INFORMATION TO STUDENTS REGARDING SAFE HAVEN LAW (Senate Bill 2019-025)

  • A bill that would require information about dropping off newborns at fire houses or hospitals with no questions asked to be a part of health class in high school
    "Concerning providing information to public school students regarding laws that provide for the safe abandonment of newborn children."
    Filed during the 2019 Regular Session
    Concerning Children & Domestic Matters, Education & School Finance, Human Services and Public Health

Prime Sponsors:

  • Sen. Jim Smallwood (R-Parker)
  • Rep. Edie Hooton (D-Boulder)

STATUS: Introduced >>> Passed >>> Became Law

Latest reporting:

Polis signed a bill that will require schools to provide information about Safe Haven laws as part of health education.

9NEWS Coverage:

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