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Denver voters rejecting redevelopment of Park Hill Golf Course

The "no" votes on ballot measure 2O held a 20-point lead as of Wednesday afternoon.

DENVER — Voters in the latest Denver election narrowed down the choices for mayor, chose City Council members, and decided the fate of the former Park Hill Golf Course. 

The result of Referred Question 2O will determine whether the land must stay a golf course or whether it can be developed by Westside Investment Partners, the investment group that bought it more than three years ago.

As of 5 p.m. Wednesday, just under 60% of counted ballots were against developing the land.

Here's a look at the latest results: 


The "No on 2O" campaign declared victory late Tuesday night, drawing cheers from inside the watch party.

"The people have spoken," said the campaign's treasurer, Harry Doby.

Doby and the crowd expressed excitement, believing that a park could now be in the future of the golf course's use. However, the path to that actually happening remains unclear.

Despite the overwhelming "no" vote, Westside Investment Partners still owns the land after buying the property more than three years ago. A spokesperson with Denver's Community Planning and Development Department explained in an email to 9NEWS that 2O did not pass and the conservation easement was not lifted.

"As such, the use of the land is limited by what the conservation easement says, which is that it is limited to an 18-hole golf course," the email read in part. 

While Kenneth Ho, principal of Westside Investment Partners, said they would honor the vote and mandates required by the outcome, a spokesperson declined to comment Wednesday when asked other questions, including if Westside plans to sell the property.

Because the vote is currently swaying in the direction of "no," more information on what happens next can be read below.

Credit: Foster Gaines
A sign at the "No on 2O" watch party in Denver Tuesday night.

What happens if voters say no? 

Based on the current conservation easement that requires the land to be an 18-hole golf course, as well as a 2019 settlement agreement between the city and Westside, the land would have to be restored to a golf course. 

A no vote does not mean that it would be 155 acres of open space without development. A no vote means that a private investment group still owns the land, which currently, must be a golf course. 

Westword reported Tuesday that a no vote could mean a TopGolf could be coming next to the golf course. 

"Westside would not exclude consideration of any allowable use under the easement and that would allow a TopGolf-like use,” Rigler said. 

"We have the opportunity to make it a park simply because the business case for running a golf course has never made any sense,” said Harry Doby, treasurer for the No on 2O campaign. 

Doby’s side wants the golf course to become a park. However, the 2019 settlement agreement between the city and Westside calls for it to be restored to a golf course. 

"They are obligated to restore it -- restore to a full regulation 130-acre, 18-hole golf course. That's their only option,” Doby said. 

He is under the belief that the city – under a new mayor and city council, could buy the land for $5 million and keep it as open space. 

"It's really just a matter of will the mayor and the city council agree to the bargain of a lifetime and pick up this land as a public park,” Doby said. 

Westside has spent much more than $5 million on land that is yet to be developed, so selling it for $5 million is unlikely.

Credit: Foster Gaines
A gathering of those in support of ballot measure 2O on Tuesday night.

What is guaranteed if 2O passes or fails? And what is just hopeful thinking? 

There is already an agreement in writing between Westside and the city of Denver (Development Agreement). Here is a summary of that agreement. There is also another agreement between Westside and several community groups (Community Benefits Agreement). 

They both contain similar requirements, but the Community Benefits Agreement has some financial-based incentives that the city is not requiring. 

The agreements call for a large park with 80 acres on the east side of the development given to the city, with another 20 acres, at minimum, included for open space. 

The west side of the land, closest to Colorado Boulevard, will include housing and businesses. 

In between the two would include more residential. 

The areas would be zoned differently, with buildings as tall as five, eight, and 12 stories. 

Both agreements spell out the affordable housing that must be built on the 155 acres. 

At least 25% of the homes built must be “income-restricted units.” Income-restricted is based on area median income levels.

There must be no fewer than 300 for-sale income-restricted units, with at least 100 having three or more bedrooms. 

For those who are extremely low-income, which means a single person making less than $25,000 and a family of six making less than $41,000, there would be at least 40 homes. 

The income-restricted for-sale units would be income-restricted permanently. The rental units are required to be income-restricted for 99 years. 

The Community Benefits Agreement calls for a property tax fund to cover property tax increases for residents within a half-mile for eight years. 

It also includes a requirement that 12,000 square feet (or 10% -- whichever is greater) of commercial space be offered at below-market rent. 

There is also a provision that a grocery store parcel be set aside and offered rent-free for 10 years. 

There is no promise of a grocery store, just that if one is included, it could have the use of rent-free land. 

The Community Benefits Agreement Implementation Committee would be consulted regarding which grocery store, if one is picked. 

"It's an agreement that runs with the land, meaning that if Westside ever decides to sell that land to any other developer, those commitments still exist,” said Bill Rigler, spokesman for Yes on 2O. 

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